FAQs: After Filing Bankruptcy

  • Documents, What Do Debtors File To Have The Stay Imposed Or Continued?

    In some situations the Automatic Stay does not protect a debtor from all creditors, or it only applies for 30 days after the bankruptcy case is filed. In these situations a debtor must file a Motion in Individual Case for Order Imposing a Stay or Continuing the Automatic Stay if a debtor wants the Automatic Stay to protect the debtor. A fee is required to file this motion. As this type of motion must be heard by the judge quickly after a bankruptcy case is filed, it is highly recommended to consult a bankruptcy attorney before a bankruptcy case is filed.

    Download Form: Motion in Individual Case for Order Imposing a Stay or Continuing the Automatic Stay

    See: Fee Schedule

     


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  • Fraudulent Activity In A Bankruptcy Case, Whom Do I Notify If There Is Possible Fraud?

    A) Contact the Office of the United States Trustee - The Office of the U.S. Trustee is the place to start when reporting possible fraudulent activity in a bankruptcy case. Fraudulent activity may have been committed by a debtor, an insider of a debtor, a creditor, a trustee, an attorney or other professional, or a bankruptcy petition preparer. Fraudulent activity may include hiding assets, fraudulently transferring property, lying under oath, knowingly filing false affidavits or declarations, knowingly filing false proofs of claim, or knowingly providing false information.

    B) What to Include in the Letter - To expedite the handling of complaints of violations in the bankruptcy system, the U.S. Trustee requires that the complaint be submitted in a signed letter with the following information:

    • Your return address and telephone number;
    • The bankruptcy case name and file number;
    • Copies of any pertinent court filings;
    • A chronological summary of the allegedly fraudulent activity;
    • A statement as to why you believe that fraud has occurred;
    • Location of property alleged to be involved; and
    • Names, addresses, and telephone numbers (to the extent available) of the witnesses known to you.

    C) Mail the letter to:
    Office of the United States Trustee
    Special Investigations Unit
    915 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 1850
    Los Angeles, CA 90017

    D) U.S. Trustee Review and Response - If the information furnished establishes a reasonable belief that a criminal violation has occurred, the matter may be referred to the United States Attorney. If the United States Attorney deems the matter to hold prosecutorial merit, it will be referred to the appropriate law enforcement agency for investigation. Occasionally a debtor or trustee is sentenced to prison for fraudulent activity. Sometimes the activity does not rise to the level of criminal activity but provides justification for the court to order the return of property to the bankruptcy estate, the denial of a discharge of debts for the debtor, or the removal of a trustee. In any event, dishonest activity is taken very seriously by the bankruptcy court and Office of the U.S. Trustee.


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  • Hearing Date, How Do I Obtain One On My Motion And Provide Notice Of The Hearing?

    Once it is determined that a hearing is required, the moving party must set the matter for hearing and provide adequate notice of the hearing. To set a hearing and provide notice of the hearing, do all of the following:

    A) Identify how much notice is required before the hearing can take place;
    B) See the Self-Calendaring page to look at self-calendaring procedures for the judge who will hear the motion;
    C) Put the hearing date, time, courtroom, and courthouse address on the first page of the motion (See Local Bankruptcy Rule 1002-1 for information on Motion captions);
    D) Prepare a written Notice of Motion in which the date of the hearing and the deadline for filing a response are clearly stated. Downoad the Notice of Motion form below. E) Serve the Notice of Motion of the hearing on all parties required by the Local Bankruptcy Rules and Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure; and
    F) Do not lodge an order before the hearing unless the court or Local Bankruptcy Rule specifically allows or requires that an order be lodged before the hearing, or the order is allowed to be electronically lodged via the LOU program. See Local Bankruptcy Rule 9021-1 for rules on lodging orders. Information on how to upload orders.

    Download Form: Notice of Motion F 9013-1.1

     


    See Also:
    Hearing, Do All Motions Require One?
  • Hearing, Do All Motions Require One?

    Some motions require a hearing while other motions do not, and procedures are different. To determine if a hearing is required for a particular motion, a party filing the motion should consult:

    1. The section(s) of the Bankruptcy Code that set the standard for granting the motion;
    2. The Rules in the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure that establish procedures for notice of the motion, service of the motion, and court ruling on the motion;
    3. Local Bankruptcy Rule 9013-1 for a list of motions that the court has already determined a hearing is not required;
    4. Other Local Bankruptcy Rules that apply to the particular type of motion (NOTE – Some motions are called "Applications"); and
    5. A bankruptcy attorney.

    Download Form: Notice of Motion F 9013-1.1


    See Also:
    Hearing Date, How Do I Obtain One On My Motion And Provide Notice Of The Hearing?
    Shortened Time (Ex Parte), How Can I Have A Motion Heard Like This?
  • Hearing, What Happens If A Motion Does Not Require One?

    Once it is determined that a hearing is not required, a party must provide notice of the motion and properly serve the motion before obtaining a ruling from the judge. The motion will have to clearly and plainly state that there will not be a hearing unless a party files and serves a written response and specifically requests a hearing. To provide notice of the motion and serve the motion, do all of the following:

    1. Follow the procedure for providing notice of the motion and serving the motion – In particular see Local Bankruptcy Rule 9013-1;
    2. Clearly state in the Notice of Motion the procedure for objecting to the motion and requesting a hearing;
    3. Wait the proper response period;
    4. Follow the procedure for notifying the court as to if any objections were received and if a hearing was requested.
      1. If an objection was filed and a hearing was requested, the moving party must timely set the matter for a hearing, or the motion may be denied; and
      2. If an objection was not filed within the response deadline, file a declaration of service and non-Response, and lodge an order.

     

    F 9013-19[1] DECLARATION RE: ENTRY OF ORDER WITHOUT HEARING PURSUANT TO LOCAL BANKRUPTCY RULE 9013-1(g)


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  • Hearing, What If I Am Late?

    An attorney or party must immediately contact the judge's chambers and the opposing party as soon as they realize that they will be late for a hearing. For information about asking for 2nd call at a hearing see Designated Judges' Contacts


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  • Judicial Decision, What If I Disagree With The Judge's Legal Or Factual Conclusions?

    If a party disagrees with a judge's legal or factual conclusions from a proceeding, and the judge has entered an order or judgment that reflects the judge's ruling, the party who disagrees generally has four alternatives:

    A) Motion to Vacate an Order or Judgment - When a party files a motion to vacate an order or judgment, the party identifies a specific order or judgment that is disagreed with and specifically discusses what the party thinks is incorrect with the judge's legal or factual conclusions. A motion to vacate an order or judgment is granted under limited circumstances. Refer to Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure Rule 9024 and Local Bankruptcy Rule 9013-4.

    B) Motion to Amend an Order or Judgment - A motion to amend an order or judgment is similar to a motion to vacate an order or judgment, and generally the same standards apply. However, a motion to amend an order or judgment is usually based on changed circumstances. Refer to Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure Rule 9023 and Local Bankruptcy Rule 9013-4.

    C) Appeal to the District Court or Bankruptcy Appellate Panel – If a party wishes to file an appeal to the District Court or the Bankruptcy Appellate Panel, a Notice of Appeal must be filed within 14 days of the entry of the Order or Judgment on the docket. If, for whatever reason, a party fails to file a Notice of Appeal within 14 days, the party must file a motion for permission to file a Notice of Appeal. A party may not file a Notice of Appeal later than thirty (30) days after entry of the Order or Judgment.

    When an Appeal is filed, the matter is automatically referred to the Ninth Circuit Bankruptcy Appellate Panel ("BAP") unless the appellant files a separate Statement of Election to transfer the appeal to the U.S. District Court concurrently with the Notice of Appeal. Within a short period of time the appellee also has the opportunity to transfer the appeal to the U.S. District Court. When an appeal is directed to the BAP, an original and three (3) copies of the Notice of Appeal need to be filed, plus copies for the interested parties with self-addressed, stamped envelopes. When an appeal is directed to the District Court, an original and one (1) copy must be filed. See Fee Schedule to determine the cost for filing a Notice of Appeal.

    D) Request that Matter be Directly Appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals – If a party wishes to have the matter directly appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, the party must file a motion with the bankruptcy judge.

    Appeals are very complex and are governed by many technical rules. Refer to the 8000 series of rules from the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure and Local Bankruptcy Rules.

    Download Form:  Notice of Appeal


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  • Judicial Decision, What If The Order Misstates The Judge's Legal Or Factual Conclusions Or Ruling?

    Opposing Party can File and Serve a Written Objection to the Form of an Order - After the judge makes a ruling on a motion or complaint, the court may prepare its own order or judgment, or the court may have one of the parties submit a proposed form of order or judgment. If the motion or complaint was opposed or otherwise contested by another party, and the proposed form of order or judgment was lodged by one of the parties, the other party ordinarily has seven (7) days to review the proposed order or judgment. If the opposing party thinks that the wording of the proposed order or judgment does not accurately reflect the judge's legal and factual conclusions or some other part of the ruling, that party must immediately file and serve an objection to the form of the order and can submit a proposed new form of order. The party who intends to file the objection should notify the judge's staff and make sure that the judge receives a copy of the objection within the seven (7) day deadline. If the deadline is not met, the judge may enter the proposed form of order without reviewing the objection. Refer to Local Bankruptcy Rule 9021-1.

    All Parties can Stipulate to a New Proposed Form of Order - The parties may also stipulate to a new proposed form of order and submit the stipulated order to the court within the seven (7) day deadline.

    File a Motion to Amend the Entered Order or Judgment – If a party thinks that the entered order misstates the factual findings or legal conclusions made on the record at the hearing, the party can file a motion to amend the language of the order or judgment. Refer to Local Bankruptcy Rule 9021-1.


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  • Lawsuit, Can One Be Filed After The Bankruptcy Case Is Filed?

    A) Adversary Proceedings Can be Filed After Bankruptcy Case is Filed - Adversary proceedings can be filed in bankruptcy court for a variety of reasons, such as:

    1. A creditor wants to prevent the debtor from receiving a discharge;
    2. The trustee attempts to force a non-debtor party to give back property that belongs to the bankruptcy estate; or
    3. A party wants the court to make rulings about property or contractual rights (Declaratory Relief).

    In some scenarios an adversary proceeding is the only procedural method for obtaining relief. Consult Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure Rule 7001 to determine if an Adversary Proceeding is required. In some situations an adversary proceeding can be started or continued even if the main bankruptcy case is no longer open.

    B) Filing the Complaint – A plaintiff must take six steps to properly file an adversary complaint:

    1. Include an adversary proceeding cover sheet;
    2. Pay the adversary filing fee;
    3. Provide one extra copy to the court of the complaint and cover sheet, even if the complaint is filed electronically via CM/ECF;
    4. Include a "Summons" form that the clerk's office can fill out and return to the plaintiff. The summons will indicate the adversary number and the date/time/location of the initial adversary status conference;
    5. Serve a Summons on each defendant according to the methods and time limits set forth in the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure 7000 series and Local Bankruptcy Rules; and
    6. File a Proof of Service of Summons and Complaint after a defendant has been properly served.

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  • Lawsuit, What If One Was Filed Before The Bankruptcy Case Was Filed?

    A Debtor and a Creditor are Often Involved in Lawsuits before a Bankruptcy Case is Filed – Generally, a lawsuit commenced before the bankruptcy case was filed must stop unless the bankruptcy judge gives permission for it to continue. In other situations the lawsuit is replaced by a creditor filing a "proof of claim" in the bankruptcy case, or the lawsuit may be removed from the non-bankruptcy court to the bankruptcy court. If a debtor is a plaintiff in a lawsuit, the trustee and court must immediately be notified to determine if that lawsuit can continue or must be brought into the bankruptcy court. In chapter 7 and 11 bankruptcy cases in which a trustee is appointed, the trustee generally becomes the new plaintiff if the debtor was the plaintiff at the time the bankruptcy case was filed.


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  • Motion And Notice Of Motion, What Is It And Must A Response Be Filed?

    A motion is a written request made to the court, asking the judge to issue an order. The motion must be supported by evidence. The motion must include a separate "Notice of Motion" which includes a brief summary of the nature of the motion, the deadline for filing a response, and if there is a hearing, the date, time, and location of the hearing. The Notice of Motion and the Motion must be served upon all parties required by the Local Bankruptcy Rules and Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure. "Serving" the Notice of Motion and Motion is an important part of due process, and failure to timely serve interested parties can result in a denial of or delay in ruling on the motion or a denial of the motion. Consult the CM/ECF Administrative Procedures to determine if a person may be served electronically instead of by mail.   

    Other parties have the chance to file and serve a written response to the motion. There is a specific deadline for filing and serving a written response, usually fourteen (14) days prior to a hearing. The response may agree with or oppose the action requested. If the response opposes the action requested, it must contain the reasons for opposing the motion and must include supporting evidence.

    The Court will enter an order in which the judge either grants or denies the motion.

    See Local Bankruptcy Rule 9013-1 for rules and deadlines for filing and serving most motions. There may also be other Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure and Local Bankruptcy Rules that apply.

    Download Form:     Notice of Motion  F 9013-1.1

     

     

     


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  • Office Of U.S. Trustee, What Is Their Location And Function?

    The Office of the U.S. Trustee (“UST”) is not part of the bankruptcy court but is an agency of the Department of Justice whose main role is to monitor the administration of bankruptcy cases, detect bankruptcy fraud, and appoint/supervise a group of trustees who can administer chapter 7, 11, or 13 bankruptcy cases. The Office of the U.S. Trustee is divided nationwide into 16 regions, and each region is comprised of lawyers, case analysts, and other staff who are supervised by one person whose title is “United States Trustee.” The U.S. Trustee generally has the right to be present at any court hearing and can make motions and recommendations to bankruptcy judges.

    The U.S. Trustee for Region 16 has oversight of bankruptcy cases in the Central District of California. The main office for Region 16 is in Los Angeles, but offices are located near to or at the courthouses in all divisions.

    One of the first actions in a bankruptcy case is the 341(a) Meeting of Creditors, and this meeting may be held at one of these division offices.  See 341(a) Meeting Locations.


    See Also:
    341(A) Meeting Of Creditors, What Is It And Who Must Attend?
  • Order Or Judgment, What Are These?

    An "Order" is a separate document that a judge signs which sets forth the judge's ruling on a motion. A "Judgment" is a separate document that a judge signs and sets forth the judge's ruling at the end of an adversary proceeding. The order or judgment may be prepared by the court, be lodged by the moving party, or be lodged by a responding party. After the judge signs an Order or Judgment, it is entered on the court docket and served on required parties. The Order or Judgment begins a timeline for filing appeals or filing motions to change the ruling. In some situations the court will enter an Order or Judgment and also enter a document titled "Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law." But usually an Order or Judgment is very short and simply states that legal conclusions and factual findings were made on the record at the hearing.

    An Order or Judgment must be prepared separately from other documents, i.e. it shall not be a part of a motion, response, application, stipulation, etc.

    * See Local Bankruptcy Rule 9021-1 for the format of preparing and lodging a proposed Order or Judgment.

    * See LOU Procedures for preparing and electronically lodging proposed Orders or Judgments PDF.

    * Only CM/ECF-registered users are able to lodge an order electronically via LOU.

    * See Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 9022 and applicable Local Bankruptcy Rules to identify to whom the court must deliver an entered order.

    If the Order or Judgment relates to a court hearing, a record may be obtained of the oral arguments and court findings and conclusions made at the hearing.

    See Audio Recording of Court Proceedings Order Form
    See Transcipt Order Form and Instructions


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  • Prior Bankruptcy, If I Had A Prior Bankruptcy, How Soon Can I Get Another Discharge?

    If this is not a debtor’s first bankruptcy case and the debtor received a discharge of any debts in a prior case within the last eight years, the debtor may not be entitled to a discharge in the current bankruptcy case. It depends upon the chapter number of the prior bankruptcy case, the chapter number of the current bankruptcy case, and the number of years that elapsed between the date that a prior bankruptcy case was filed and the date that the current bankruptcy case was filed. It is important to consult a bankruptcy attorney and to refer to Section 727(a) and Section 1328(f) of the Bankruptcy Code. General rules:

    A) Prior bankruptcy = Chapter 7 or 11, and Current bankruptcy = Chapter 7:
    8 years after date that the prior bankruptcy case was filed – Bankruptcy Code Section 727(a)(8)

    B) Prior bankruptcy = Chapter 7 Current bankruptcy = Chapter 13:
    4 years after date that prior bankruptcy case was filed – Bankruptcy Code Section 1328(f)(1)

    C) Prior bankruptcy = Chapter 13 Current bankruptcy = Chapter 7:
     

    • No mandatory waiting period if 100% of claims were paid in the prior Chapter 13 bankruptcy - Bankruptcy Code Section 727(a)(9)(A)
    • No mandatory waiting period if 70% of claims were paid in the prior Chapter 13 bankruptcy and the Chapter 13 Plan was proposed in good faith and was the debtor’s best effort – Bankruptcy Code Section 727(a)(9)(B)
    • 6 years after date that prior bankruptcy case was filed, if less than 70% (and up to 100%) of claims were not paid in the prior Chapter 13 bankruptcy case – Bankruptcy Code Section 727(a)(9)
       

    D) Prior bankruptcy = Chapter 13 Current bankruptcy = Chapter 13:
    2 years after date that the prior bankruptcy case was filed – Bankruptcy Code Section 1328(f)(2)


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  • Reaffirmation Agreement, How Does This Affect The Discharge?

    A valid Reaffirmation Agreement prevents a particular debt from being discharged. A Reaffirmation Agreement must be approved by the debtor's attorney or by the court, and the rules are complex. It is highly recommended to consult an experienced bankruptcy attorney.

    Download Form: Reaffirmation Agreement
    Download Form: Reaffirmation Agreement Cover Sheet


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  • Relief From The Automatic Stay, How Do Creditors File This?

    A) General Rule - In many situations a creditor must obtain a court order granting relief from the Automatic Stay to have the right to take action against a debtor or property of the estate. This is true regardless of what type of action a creditor has already filed against the debtor in another court, or if the creditor has started (but not completed) taking action to repossess property of the debtor. If a creditor does not obtain a court order, that creditor could be sanctioned (i.e., fined), and any action taken by that creditor may be void.

    B) Filing a Motion and Setting a Hearing Date -- A Motion for Relief from the Automatic Stay is commenced by filing the appropriate motion and setting the motion for a hearing date. To file a Motion for Relief from the Automatic Stay, the Local Bankruptcy Rules require parties to use mandatory forms. Click here for a list of F 4001-1M form motions. There are several different types of mandatory form motions. A creditor will pick the appropriate mandatory form motion based upon what the creditor is asking the court for permission to do (i.e., proceed against real property, proceed against personal property, continue with an unlawful detainer lawsuit in Superior Court, proceed with a state court lawsuit, etc.). Each motion must demonstrate “cause” for lifting the Automatic Stay, and shall be supported by admissible evidence. For example, if a creditor asserts a secured claim, the motion must contain admissible documents that assert a valid security interest and all documents that support an assertion of lack of adequate protection or a lack of equity in the relevant property.

    C) Filing Fee and Number of Copies - A Motion for Relief from the Automatic Stay requires a filing fee, see Fee Schedule. If the motion is filed in person at the intake window of the clerk’s office, a creditor must file one copy with the court (original and one extra copy). If a creditor also wants to leave with a “Filed” stamped copy of the motion, the creditor must bring a second copy. For all motions filed electronically via CM/ECF, the creditor must promptly deliver one copy of the motion to the judge’s chambers by mail or personal delivery.

    D) Serving the Motion and Notice of Motion - Remember to serve all parties required to be served by the Local Bankruptcy Rules and to complete the service within the time period required by those rules. Consult the CM/ECF Administrative Procedures regarding electronic notice and service.


    See Also:
    Hearing Date, How Do I Obtain One On My Motion And Provide Notice Of The Hearing?
    Motion And Notice Of Motion, What Is It And Must A Response Be Filed?
    Shortened Time (Ex Parte), How Can I Have A Motion Heard Like This?
  • Reopen A Bankruptcy Case, How Do I Do This And Is A Fee Required?

    A) Filing a Motion to Reopen - Even though a bankruptcy case is closed, a debtor, trustee, or creditor may want the court to hear motions and enter orders in that bankruptcy case. If so, it is necessary to file TWO MOTIONS. The First Motion is a Motion to Reopen Bankruptcy Case, which may or may not be set for hearing depending upon the particular judge. In most situations a filing fee will be required, and the fee will differ in a Chapter 7, 11, or 13 case. The judge will generally rule on whether to grant the Motion to Reopen before the judge will consider any motion you wish to file once the case is reopened.

    B) Filing the Underlying Motion or Certificate re Personal Financial Management - If the judge grants the Motion to Reopen the case, it is time to file the Second Motion. The Second Motion is often a motion to avoid a judgment lien or a motion to extend the time to file Form 23, Debtor's Certification of Completion of Course Concerning Personal Financial Management.

    If the purpose of reopening the bankruptcy case is to allow filing of the Certification of Completion of Instructional Course Concerning Personal Financial Management, attach Form 23 to the FIRST MOTION, as the judge may allow Form 23 to be filed without the debtor having to file a second motion and without conducting a second hearing.

    C) Exception to Needing to Reopen Bankruptcy Case - It is not necessary to file a Motion to Reopen the case in order to file an adversary proceeding pursuant to Bankruptcy Code Section 523(a)(3).


    See Also:
    Personal Financial Management Certificate, Do I Need To File This?
  • Shortened Time (Ex Parte), How Can I Have A Motion Heard Like This?

    Generally the Local Bankruptcy Rules require a hearing to be set on at least 21 days notice. Hearing dates on motions may be set sooner than 21 days if the moving party can establish a reason for the request. Refer to the Local Bankruptcy Rules, in particular Rule 9075-1. Three separate documents must be submitted to the court simultaneously.

    A) The first document to file is the "Application" to have a motion heard on shortened time (i.e., an Ex Parte Application) which must explain the reasons and must contain admissible evidence to support the need to have a motion heard on less than 21 days notice. File the Application and on the same day deliver one copy directly to the judge's chambers.

    B) The second document to file is the "Motion" that the party wants the judge to hear on shortened time. The motion must identify the ruling sought, and the motion must contain the legal grounds and admissible evidence for granting the motion. File the motion and on the same day deliver one copy, along with the Application, directly to the judge's chambers.

    C) The third document is a "Proposed Order" that the judge can sign to grant or deny the Application to have the motion heard on shortened time. Lodge the proposed order with the court and on the same day deliver one copy directly to the judge's chambers. If the order is not lodged electronically, the original and copies will be delivered to the clerk's office intake window. See form Order Shortening Time [Local Bankruptcy Rule 9075-1(b)].

    See Judge's Procedures page to find out if the judge has additional procedures for setting hearings on Ex Parte Applications. If the judge grants the Application, the court will contact you with a hearing date and instructions for providing notice of the hearing and for serving the motion.


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  • Telephonic Appearances/Tentative Rulings, What Are The Judges’ Procedures?

    Telephonic Appearances - Many judges allow attorneys who have filed a motion, response or other document related to a hearing, to appear by telephone. The procedures to follow are found in the "Judges" section of this website. However, there are many situations in which an appearance in court is required. Click here for "Judges' Procedures" to find out the method for requesting a telephonic appearance and to find out how to make the appearance.

    Tentative Rulings - Many judges post tentative rulings in advance of a hearing or conference. Judges vary on how far in advance these tentative rulings are posted and what information is provided in the tentative ruling. Tentative Rulings are posted on Court's website. 


    See Also:
    Attorney, Are All Debtors And Creditors Required To Have One?
  • Tenant/Lessee Filed For Bankruptcy, What Happens Now?

    The filing of a bankruptcy petition will generally stop (i.e., automatically stay) most actions (such as eviction proceedings or other actions for possession or damages) by a landlord against a tenant for the duration of the bankruptcy case. However, this also depends upon whether the lease was for residential property, commercial property, or personal property. For residential property it also depends upon whether or not an unlawful detainer proceeding was commenced or completed in Superior Court before the bankruptcy case was filed.

    A landlord may file a Motion for Relief from the Automatic Stay to reclaim the premises. If the motion is granted by the bankruptcy judge, the Automatic Stay will either be lifted or altered, thereby allowing the landlord to continue with a proceeding or action against the tenant, but only limited to recovery of possession of the premises.

    As this is a complex area which has been affected by the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005, it is recommended that legal advice be obtained from a bankruptcy attorney.


    See Also:
    Automatic Stay, What Is It And Does It Protect A Debtor From All Creditors?
    Relief From The Automatic Stay, How Do Creditors File This?

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